Over the past 10 years, four main scientific strategies have emerged in traditional chelation therapy which include altering metal biodistribution, inhibition specific metalloenzymes associated with a disease, enhancing the reactivity of a metal complex to promote cytotoxicity, and conversely, passivating the reactivity of metals by site-activated chelation to prevent cytotoxicity [1-2].
Life Chemicals offers its new Chelator Library (over 5,700 compounds) that is based on a variety of metal-binding groups. Selected chelator types demonstrate binding metal ions and affinities to metalloproteins providing a diverse range of molecular platforms that can be used for design, synthesis, and screening lead-like chelating agents .
The selected screening compounds contain at least one chelating group and could be used to generate libraries (including libraries of fragments) targeting important metalloproteins by inhibiting their activity.
The Life Chemicals Chelator Library has passed a number of substructure, similarity, and physicochemical property filters and was narrowed down according to an expanded Lipinski’s Rule of Five (see the table below). In addition, compounds with toxic, bad, and reactive groups have been filtered out from the library.
|MW||100 - 400||263.46|
|ClogP||- 0.3 to 5||1.38|
|Number of Rotatable Bonds||≤ 10||3.82|
|Number of H Donors||≤ 5||1.78|
|Number of H Acceptors||≤ 10||3.51|
|logS||> - 7||- 2.57|
Figure 1. Spatial structure of a catalytic subunit complex of protein phosphatase type 5 from cantharidin, with LC analog and Mn+2 ion molecules.
1. Franz K.J. Clawing back: broadening the notion of metal chelators in medicine // Curr Opin Chem Biol. 2013 Apr;17(2):143-9.
2. Agrawal A., Johnson S.L., Jacobsen J.A., Miller M.T., Chen L.H., Pellecchia M., Cohen S.M. Chelator fragment libraries for targeting metalloproteinases // ChemMedChem. 2010 Feb 1;5(2):195-9.
3. Hatcher H.C., Singh R.N., Torti F.M., Torti S.V. Synthetic and natural iron chelators: therapeutic potential and clinical use // Future Med Chem. 2009 Dec;1(9):1643-70.